|Official name: The State of Israel
Flag description: white with a blue hexagram (six-pointed linear star) known as the Magen David (Shield of David) centered between two equal horizontal blue bands near the top and bottom edges of the flag. The colors blue and white come from the “Tallit”, the Jewish prayer shawl.
Government: Parliamentary democracy
President: Reuven Rubbi Rivlin (from 2014)
Prime Minister: Benjamin Netanyahu (since 31 March 2009)
Legislative branch: is the parliament that called “Knesset”. There are 120 members, elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms
Judicial branch: Supreme Court District Court, Magistrates Court, Local Affairs Court,Religious Court, Traffic Court, labour Court, Juvenile Court.
Executive branch: includes the government ministries.
Location: Middle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea from the East., between Egypt andLebanon
Area: 22,072 sq. km. (does not include the “West bank” 5790 sq. km.)
Land area: 22,072 sq. km.
Lakes area: 429 sq. km
Length of the coast line: 190 km , (approx’ 120 mile)
Land border: Total length 857 km.
Area – comparative: slightly smaller than New Jersey
Population: 8.9 million (09/2018)
Religious composition: 76% Jews, 16% Muslims, 2% Christians, 1.5% Druze, 4.5% without religious classification.
Official language: Hebrew, Arabic
Currency: New Israeli shekel “NIS”
Gross Domestic Product: $350 billion (2016)
GDP Per Capita: $40.000 (calculation according to purchasing power).
Human Development Index: 18th in the world (UN 2012)
Standard of living index: ranked 22nd in the world.
International telephone dialing code: 972
Internet ending: IL
Time zone: UTC +2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
When it is 8am in Washington DC, it is 3pm in Jerusalem
Daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Friday in March; ends the Sunday between the holidays of Rosh Hashana and Yom Kippur
Life expectancy: 82.4 years old (male – 80.4, female – 84.1) ranked 8 in the world
Population Density: 364 (persons per sq. km.)
Total fertility rate: 2.75 children born/woman (2009)
Education: 92% of population graduate high school, in total 2.05 million pupils. 3-6 years old- pre primary school, 7-13 y.o – primary school, 14-16 y.o junior high school, 16-18 y.o high school.(2015)
High Education: 290000 students. (2014)
High Education: 46% of population have a at least B.A dgree (second in OECD country’s)
Military service age and obligation: 18 years of age for compulsory (Jews, Druze) and voluntary (Christians, Muslims, Circassians) military service; both sexes are obligated to military service; conscript service obligation – 36 months for enlisted men, 21 months for enlisted women, 48 months for officers; reserve obligation to age 41-51 (men), 24 (women) (2008)