Information about Israel

Official name: The State of Israel


Flag description: white with a blue hexagram (six-pointed linear star) known as the Magen David (Shield of David) centered between two equal horizontal blue bands near the top and bottom edges of the flag. The colors blue and white come from the “Tallit”, the Jewish prayer shawl.


Government: Parliamentary democracy


Capital: Jerusalem


President: Isaac Herzog (since July 2021)


Prime Minister: Naftali Bennett/Yair Lapid (since 13 June 2021)


Legislative branch: is the parliament that called “Knesset”. There are 120 members, elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms


Judicial branch: Supreme Court District Court, Magistrates Court, Local Affairs Court,Religious Court, Traffic Court, labour Court, Juvenile Court.


Executive branch: includes the government ministries.


Location: Middle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea from the East., between Egypt andLebanon


Area: 22,072 sq. km. (does not include the “West bank” 5790 sq. km.)


Land area: 22,072 sq. km.


Lakes area: 429 sq. km


Length of the coast line: 190 km , (approx’ 120 mile) 


Land border: Total length 857 km.



Area – comparative: slightly smaller than New Jersey


Population: 9.05 million (2019)


Religious composition: 76% Jews, 16% Muslims, 2% Christians, 1.5% Druze, 4.5% without religious classification.


Official language: Hebrew, Arabic


Currency: New Israeli shekel “NIS”


Gross Domestic Product: $394 billion (2019)


GDP Per Capita: $43.500 (calculation according to purchasing power 2019).

Human Development Index: 19th in the world (HDI value – 0.919 UNDP 2020)


Standard of living index: ranked 19th in the world (2019).


International telephone dialing code: 972


Internet ending: IL


Time zone: UTC +2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

When it is 8am in Washington DC, it is 3pm in Jerusalem


Daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Friday of March; ends the Sunday between the holidays of Rosh Hashana and Yom Kippur


Life expectancy: 82.4 years old (male – 80.4, female – 84.1) ranked 8 in the world


Population Density: 364 (persons per sq. km.)


Total fertility rate: 3.1 children born/woman, ranked first in the OECD (2019)


Education: 92% of population graduate high school, in total 2.05 million pupils.  3-6 years old- pre primary school, 7-13 y.o – primary school, 14-16 y.o junior high school, 16-18 y.o high school.(2015)


High Education: 320,000 students. (2020) 


High Education: 50.9% of population have a at least High Education dgree (second in OECD country’s) 


Military service age and obligation: 18 years of age for compulsory (Jews, Druze) and voluntary (Christians, Muslims, Circassians) military service; both sexes are obligated to military service; conscript service obligation – 36 months for enlisted men, 21 months for enlisted women, 48 months for officers; reserve obligation to age 41-51 (men), 24 (women) (2008)